Plastic, with its versatility, finds applications in end-use sectors such as agribusiness, building & construction, infrastructure and automotive sectors. Plastics are green products bringing in a green environment, as well as projects of multiple investment sizes. One such example is that of HDPE Pipes to be laid vertically in soil to pass water in each layer of soil. Globally, India ranks No.2 and No.3 in fruit and vegetable production. Plastics in agriculture increase the productivity (yield), bringing about a higher net profitability for farmers. A new product innovation which would function similar to that of polyethylene mulch film is that of high density polyethylene (HDPE) pipes drilled with holes for water to pass in each layer of soil to retain moisture levels in the soil. As of 2011, India has a large and diverse agriculture sector, accounting an average for about 16% of GDP and 10% of export earnings. India's arable land area of 159.7 mln hectares (394.6 mln acres) is the second largest in the world after the United States. Its gross irrigated crop area of 82.6 mln hectares (215.6 mln acres) is the second largest in the world. India has grown to become among the top three global producers of a broad range of crops including wheat, rice, pulses, cotton, peanuts, fruits and vegetables. India has the largest herds of buffalo and cattles, is the largest producer of milk and has one of the largest and fastest growing poultry industry.
In terms of agricultural contribution, the following states in India are the most developed states:
• India is the world's largest producer of many fresh fruits and vegetables, milk, major spices, select fibrous crops such as jute, several staples such as millets and castor oil seed.
• India is the second largest producer of wheat and rice, the world's major food staples
• India is also the world's second and third largest producer of several dry fruits, agriculture based textile raw materials, pulses, farmed fish, eggs, coconut, sugarcane and numerous vegetables
• India ranked within the world's five largest producers of over 80% of agricultural produce items, including many cash crops such as coffee and cotton in 2010.
• India is one of the world's five largest producers of livestock and poultry meat, with one of the fastest growth rates of 2011
• Uttar Pradesh
• Madhya Pradesh
• Andhra Pradesh
• West Bengal
• India has a geographical area of 328.73 mln hectares of which reported area for land use is 306.04 mln hectares
(Source Courtsey: Ms Poorvi C. Desai, Service to Plastic Industry, Reference en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Agriculture_in_India, www.mapsofindia.com, ncw.nic.in, pdfreports/impactofwtowomeninagriculture.pdf)
• The net area cultivated is about 142.60 mln hectares about 46.6% of the total reported
High Density Polyethylene Pipes drilled with holes to be laid vertically and horizontally for water to pass in each layer of soil - 110 mm Outer Diameter, 4.7 mm to 5 mm wall thickness, 4 kg/cm2, 1.44 kg/metre (Validation & Inputs from a Large Diameter Pipe Manufacturer in India). Holes of small diameter of 0.5 mm to 1 mm to be drilled in random manner. Small holes to be drilled so that soil does not pass into the pipe. Only one pipe could be used in entire field so that a farmer could make savings and the same pipe could be used for more number of times with taps fitted in different directions for water retention in soil. This functions similar to polyethylene mulch film to retain moisture levels in soil. Polyethylene mulch film is laid on soil to retain moisture levels in soil becomes important.