With effect from January 1, 2013, China will cut the polyethylene import duty for Least Developed Countries to 3%, from 6.5%, provided the landed prices of low density PE and high density PE from these countries exceed US$3,800/mt on a cost-insurance-freight (CIF) basis. Asia's polymer market has shrugged off China's new preferential import duties for polyethylene from some countries. The reason for this disregard could be that the minimum price for the tax reduction to kick in is seen as too high and trade flows from these nations are almost negligible, as per Platts. Historically, HDPE and LDPE prices have never hit US$3800/mt CFR Far East Asia and polymer exports from these countries are negligible.
Prices of HDPE-film and LDPE have never crossed $3,800/mt CFR Far East Asia since Platts started assessing them in May 2006 and April 1983 respectively. The all-time highs recorded for HDPE-film and LDPE prices were $1,825/mt CFR Far East Asia and $1,945/mt CFR Far East Asia respectively, on July 16, Platts data showed.
Meanwhile, countries that will be eligible for the preferential import tax rate are almost nearly absent from China's historical trade data. China's main import sources of HDPE and LDPE are Saudi Arabia, Iran and South Korea. Only Sudan was seen as an import source of HDPE for China in 2012, at a total volume of 0.85 mt for the year with imports landed in China in April and June, historical data from China's customs bureau showed.According to the United Nation's definition, a country would be named Least Developed Country if its three-year average gross national income per capita falls below US$750, has weak human resources and economic vulnerability. Forty-eight countries fall under this category, with 33 of them in the African continent. Some countries that fall into the category are Laos, Sudan and Yemen.